The civil service was first established in the middle of the nineteenth century on the basis of the Northcote-Trevelyan report.
The Civil Service Code states:
“The Civil Service is an integral and key part of the government of the United Kingdom. It supports the Government of the day in developing and implementing its policies, and in delivering public services. Civil servants are accountable to Ministers, who in turn are accountable to Parliament.”
There are three main characteristics of the British civil service: